Ballistic Missile Defence
NATO is assigned the task of providing overarching protection to the geographic territory and populations of the 28 member nations against ballistic missile attacks. The Alliance continues to expand its relationships and collective capabilities in the area of Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) in order to meet new challenges in response to increases in missile proliferation and external threats evident in today’s geo-political environment.
At the 2012 Chicago Summit, NATO Heads of State and Governments declared an Interim NATO BMD capability. Since then, AIRCOM furthered this capability by developing the underpinning policy, procedures, processes, doctrine, and infrastructure.
HEADQUARTERS ALLIED AIR COMMAND
Presently, AIRCOM retains a cadre of BMD experts able to plan and execute the NATO BMD mission, 24/7/365, effectively.
BMD incorporates the measures necessary to monitor BMD threats against populations, territory and forces.
Commander AIRCOM is responsible for the Integrated Air and Missile Defence (IAMD) Operations within SACEUR’s area of responsibility. He is supported by a dedicated Ballistic Missile Defence Operations Cell (BMDOC). When combined with other national defence contributions, the BMDOC provides NATO with a persistent capability in support of the standing ballistic missile defence mission.
Under the BMD rubric, AIRCOM retains operational control of the Augmentation to Turkish Air Defence assets. This capability helps defend Turkish airspace as a direct result of the ongoing war in Syria.
NATO Integrated Air and Missile Defence is a continuous mission that combines peacetime Air Policing measures with those actions and capabilities necessary to destroy, nullify or reduce the effectiveness of air and missile threats during times of conflict. In preparation of increased air and missile threats to the Alliance, NATO has expanded its defensive capabilities with the addition of a naval port in Rota, Spain as well as the development of two missile interceptor sites located in Romania (2015) and Poland (2018). The integration of these capabilities into an expanded NATO Command and Control architecture enhanced with national civil support interaction provides a robust capability to deter and defeat air and missile threats against Alliance territory.
Read more about NATO’s Ballistic Missile Defence at http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_49635.htm?selectedLocale=en