The primary mission of CAOC Torrejón is to plan, direct, coordinate, monitor, analyze and report on the operations of Air Policing assets assigned to it in peacetime, following the directives of NATO Allied Air Command.
To fulfil this joint airspace surveillance, CAOC Torrejón has under its tactical command all radars, Control and Reporting Centres and Quick Reaction Alert aircraft from Allies located in the southern half of Europe.
CAOC Torrejón is comprised of 185 staff positions from 16 NATO nations. Furthermore, the CAOC hosts a NATO Communications and Information Agency (NCIA) detachment. For both entities, Spain as host nation, provides a considerable number of personnel. The CAOC Torrejón Commander is a Spanish Major General.
The CAOC has two main branches, one deployable and one focused in the static territorial air policing. The first includes the instruction, intelligence, combat plans and operations divisions and is deployable. The static branch is responsible for achieving the primary peacetime mission of air policing within the NATO Integrated Air and Missile Defense System (NATINAMDS).